Bill Powers

A New Muscle Model

If you are going to reverse engineer and then simulate living organisms and how they move about, it is important to simulate all the physics correctly, such as the ray tracing included in the Little Man. Here is a paper that offers significant improvements regarding simulating the actions of muscles. […]

Bill Powers

Perceptual Control Theory at 40

This intro to PCT is slanted toward those coming into to this subject from the physical sciences. Bill Powers develops an argument that leads from conventional views of behavior to the new view that PCT gives us, emphasizing in the end the odd role that organisms, seen through the eyes of PCT, play in a world otherwise dominated by physical laws. The point will be to show that control theory provides us with the germ of a radically new understanding, a break with all traditional theories of behavior—and many new ones as well […]

Bill Powers

Volition: a Semi-Scientific Essay

Every child wonders, sooner or later, how it is that simply wanting one’s hands, arms, legs, body, head, or eyes to move suffices to create the wanted result…. — So begins this lovely essay and overview of the fundamental issues that cry out for answers. […]

Papers

The Rubber Band Demo

Dag Forssell This script and the accompanying video are designed to introduce and demonstrate the basic concept of PCT. The article Perceptual Control: Management Insight for Problem Solving, in the book: Management and Leadership: Insight […]